Pre-teen refers to a stage in human development that is mainly associated with children of between nine and twelve years. The stage precedes puberty and is considered as one of the most essential stages in the development of children. Several problems that include emotional problems, exposure to peer pressure, and gradual development of deviant behavior are common during the pre-teen stage. Parents always have a hard time dealing with pre-teens because of the problems that they might not suspect earlier. Parents and guardians would solve these problems through disciplining pre-teens effectively, moderating media exposure, offering guidance and counseling to preteens, and encouraging their children to engage in hobbies and extracurricular activities. All these remedies would help alleviate these problems and allow for a smooth transition to the adolescent stage.
This essay explicates the problems of pre-teen and their solutions.
During pre-teen years, there are emotional problems among children. The emotions of children at this stage drastically change, and they might develop negativities to everything in the environment. At this time, girls acquire large amounts of estrogen, while boys gain large amounts of testosterone that are responsible for emotional changes (Dosani and Cross 120). Moods and attitudes would drastically change due to the presence of these hormones in the body. Therefore, most of the young people would face emotional conflicts, and some would tend to develop negative attitudes towards everything they come across. In fact, some children do not have the capacity to control their emotions and might end up engaging in quarrels and fights at each given instance (Sonna 159). This is dangerous because it exposes such children to injuries that could be untreatable. Emotional negativities would also lead to stress among pre-teen children, hence altering their eating habits. This means that they would develop undesirable growth patterns at this active stage in life.
The pre-teen period has the problem of peer pressure. Peer pressure refers to the influence gained from age-mates. Children at this stage would start to emulate most of their activities from their age-mates. They would not care whether they are acting in the correct manner or not. Most of the children would end up copying actions that are not desirable in society, such as drug abuse. Peer pressure is prevalent during this stage because most children do not want to live in isolation and want to fit in their peer groups effectively. This is one of the worst problems at this stage as it leads to acting out of external influence. One is not able to understand himself due to the pressures that exist in the society (Brenneman 175). The pressure from peers is harmful because it leads to a drop in schoolwork, as the child wants to act like his peers, who might not be productive in their academic work. Peer pressure is one of the terrible problems since it makes pre-teens act out of the control of the external forces. One is forced act in a particular manner because his friends do that.
The development of deviant behavior is a common problem during pre-teen. At this stage, children tend to develop behaviors that are not acceptable in the entire community. Some children would develop unnecessary rudeness, while others would be busy accessing sites that contain sexual information. They would be more eager to know most of the things taking place around the environment, hence venturing into actions that depict decay in their morals. The decline in the morals of children brought about by the behavior change is undesirable because it might lead to a generation where people do not respect themselves (Brenneman 184). Some of the pre-teens would sometimes decline being sent by their parents because they perceive themselves mature individuals, who should not be ordered around. These deviant behaviors are a spice for future failure in the achievement of societal dreams, in case they are not checked earlier and corrected effectively. Deviant behavior could lead to the child being one of the most dangerous individuals in the society, in case care is not taken to control the situation.
The issue of emotional problems would be corrected through effective and continuous guiding and counseling. Pre-teens need guidance on the effective ways of dealing with various matters in the society. Guidance and counseling would involve both moral and physical guidance. They should be fully informed of the various changes taking place in their bodies and the effective ways of dealing with the changes. In addition, such children should be guided on how to deal with various situations in order to avert frustrations that would eventually lead to the development of negative attitudes that hamper effective operations. Through guidance and counseling, pre-teen children would be open to free communication and would disclose various issues without fear. This would help them lower their harsh emotions and think in a positive manner instead.
Encouraging children to engage in their hobbies and other vital activities at any point they feel idle would control peer pressure. Idleness is the key to peer pressure that is highly destructive in a pre-teen’s life. Children should be urged to participate in activities that would help eliminate laziness and idleness that make them vulnerable to peer pressure (Dosani and Cross 202). In addition, they should be encouraged to choose their friends in order to ensure that they select the right individuals that would help them grow in the positive direction instead of influencing them negatively. Continued participation in hobbies and extracurricular activities, such as games, would keep the children off bad influences that would otherwise mislead them. Active participation means that they are less exposed to children with ulterior motives and are out to mislead others.
Effective discipline and moderation of media access would help solve the problem of continuous deviant behavior. Effective discipline refers to the administration of acceptable levels of children among pre-teens. They should be informed of the reasons for the punishment and effective discipline administered at the right time. This would help them learn that certain actions are not desirable in the society. Effective discipline would help children understand that there are certain ways of behaving according to the rules of the community (Sonna 188). In fact, they would not dare participate in actions that would lead to further punishment. Moderation of access to media would also help correct behavior deviation among children. This means that they would not be exposed to certain programs that contain violent scenes and other undesirable programs. Exposure to pornographic sites should be eradicated through continuous monitoring of the operations of pre-teen children. Parents would ensure that these control measures are keenly observed by closely monitoring the activities of their children.
In conclusion, pre-teen refers to that stage in the development of humans, and it is majorly associated with children between the ages of nine and twelve. Pre-teen children are perceived to be hyperactive as they transit into the adolescent stage. They gradually become concerned about the changes taking place in their bodies. There are several problems during this stage, and they include exposure to peer pressure, the development of deviant behavior, and emotional negativities. Children are exposed to all these problems, and they need assistance. Therefore, they could be rectified through guiding and counseling, moderation of access to media, encouraging them to participate in various hobbies and extracurricular activities, and effectively punishing them. These would be effective remedies to the problems, in case they are seriously considered.