Micro theories always examine the main processes that involve face-to-face or one-on-one contact among any individuals and also personal perception in society. While, macro theories always deal with extremely large-scale social status events of any society. The latter relates to matters of public opinion. Micro-level theories include symbolic interactionism, exchange, dramaturgy, and ethnomethodology theory (Ritzer, 77). The term macro greatly applies to a very large grouping. This, therefore, means that those macro theories that deal with family violence definitely involve all environmental, economic, social, religious, and other external factors that influence family violence in society.

The main idea of culture of violence theory is that in extremely large and very pluralistic societies, many subcultures always develop several norms that may eventually permit people to use physical inhuman violence to a deemed greater degree than any of the dominant culture and regimes.  Therefore, family violence tends to occur more frequently in societies that are violent than those of which are peaceful. Violence within members of the society creates an unsuitable environment, while for the peaceful communities it is a matter of unity in diversity. Individuals in peaceful communities work hand in hand for the best of their own community, despite their differences in tribe, religion, race or social class. Interpersonal communication is common among people and thus they always create understanding to avoid violence. Relationships within peers that are fully in line with patriarchal dominance in families and make use of violence to support are common in this subculture. This theory has come in handy in bringing up other theories that explain how violence brews up. For example, pornography and violent clips or images on television tend to give a hand in "culture of violence" against women. In that women are viewed by the society to be subject to violence.

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