Women participate in a wide range of jobs, this range from: scientist, teachers, doctors, entrepreneurs, pilots, security officers, and contractors. For example, the china contractors working across Africa constitute women. This gives a clear picture of what women are doing that is done by men or was traditionally believed to be done by men, taking a typical global example, in many communities across Africa women were not supposed to be involved in the construction industry, but in contrast to that, the is contrary is taking place all across the globe for example women being chief engineers in the building and contraction industry. This gives the presumption that if they can do such duties and responsibilities, then why they can’t be given same rights as men.
Both men and women constitute an integral part of the society and together they make up this world’s social and political cycle. Without women, men cannot be in existence. Women and men mutually exist to ensure a mutual social cycle and they create the much sort for ecological balance. This is clearly portrayed through marriages that brings forth male and female kids who grow up to equally productive men and women who are left with the responsibilities held up by their parents or their elders, with girls inheriting female roles and boys taking over male roles, in the home environment traditionally women were left to look after homesteads especially in native African and Asian communities as compared to their male counterparts whose roles were believed to be to the family breadwinners, but the women since the wake of the 21st century have taken control of several positions of social order.
According to the millennium development goals (MDG’s) it can be noted to have highlighted that, the best tool for women empowerment is through giving the girl child formal education globally and as such the girl child all across the word have received special attention since then especially in the developing world and it goes without notice that this has given women more understanding to their rights as it can be remembered that women were at the forefront in fighting for their rights in the Beijing conference duped fourth World Conference on Women: Action for Equality, Development and peace on September of 1995, since then women empowerments has been on the rise until the level where even in the third world nations a lot of women are taking governance positions in many institutions, proving their ability in leadership hence they as well be said toi have achieved equal rights.
Though it can be noted that women empowerment is yet to be fully met as per Wu Hongbo, the Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs as he says “poverty continues to have a female face…. All of us have a duty to change this. All of us have a role in bringing about that change. Women are important agents of development, but they will only be able to serve as agents of development if they have an environment that enables their full potential.” “…. We must ensure that gender equality and the empowerment of women are at the centre of a post- 2015 global development agenda.” This is meant to raise more awareness forums, though as before it there are various challenges affecting women from all walks of spheres the worst affected being those from the Muslim and Hindu religions where men are believed to be the leaders regardless of the female educational qualification therefore locking out the potentialof the women in showcasing their abilities but this is expected to change in the near future to enable women from this walks of life showcase their potential as well.
Education system has provided a way of measurement for the requirements of employment making both men and women experience the same treatment go go through the same employment criteria. These include facing the same Interview panels and checking of educational qualification credentials. Education system has become more and more efficient, providing women the opportunity to learn and specialize in many fields. This means that men and women are now graded equally as both are regarded as agents of development. Women have expedited the development, which could otherwise have happen gradually or even not have taken place if they at all they were not given their chance to give their input in towards the development and innovations that are ongoing. This has shown that despite the feminine gender which was or is believed to be weak and of cause looked down upon, has a remarkable potential and influence in the growth of various sectors of the economy. Therefore, women are important agents of development when they have an environment that enables their full potential.
As noted by the Kofi Annan the former UN Secretary General, “Sixty years have passed since the founders of the United Nations inscribed, on the first page of our Charter, the equal rights of men and women. Since then, study after study has taught us that there is no tool for development more effective than the empowerment of women. No other policy is as likely to raise economic productivity, or to reduce infant and maternal mortality. No other policy is as sure to improve nutrition and promote health—including the prevention of HIV/AIDS. No other policy is as powerful in increasing the chances of education for the next generation. And I would also venture that no policy is more important in preventing conflict, or in achieving reconciliation after a conflict has ended. But whatever the very real benefits of investing in women, the most important fact remains: Women themselves have the right to live in dignity, in freedom from want and from fear.” This goes without noting that women are considered agents of change or seen as catalysts to society’s complex conflicts and issues.
Though there has been significant improvement in women representation in the past few decades, there is considerable gap between male and female representation in social light as the majority of women especially in the developing world facing socio-economic disadvantages as they have less access to productive and educative resources like, education or skills development and labor market opportunities than their male counterparts. However, there is more hope, with more pressure coming from the United Nations and civil movements to every country to embrace women equality in its social and political representation to help in decision-making process backed by the convention on the Elimination of All forms of discrimination against women (CEDAW) which is described as the International Bill of rights for Women.