A narrative can be defined as an account of events or experiences and must have actions, characters involvement and a plot. Identity can be explained by a variety of factors such as narratives. Identity comes out via autobibiography work which is engaged by everyone everyday butit is not produced by the telling of a life. The sociality of narratives is what gives identity. There is some believe about the existence of a relationship between identity and re-incarnation. In such social sectors where re-incarnation is accepted, there are three forms of identity namely continuing self, family identity and the dissolution of the self. This characterizes the many religions that exist. Re-incarnation can be defined as coming back again in a different body.(Walter, 2001)
Gina is one of the characters whose identity comes out clearly in the narration of her character in relation to her mother(otherness).She appears to be totally different from her mother in terms of thinking, sociality and behaviour. Gina’s prefers a lifestyle that is totally different from her mother’s. Gina aspires to have a middle class for her family unlike her mother who is a working class lady and does not want visitors or children playing in the house as this will mess up the house. According to Gina’s mother kids should play outside so that the house remains clean. This narrative has a connection between Gina’s life and her identity as she assembles memories, stories and experiences to produce an identity.
Gina uses cultural symbols to narrate her story. Her narration brings out the issue of linkage between the narrator and the audience. Narratives brings out identity in that the end of the narrative tells what the character ended up to be and how one got to be the way he or she is just like in Gina’s story. In this narrative, the two main characters are Gina and her mother plus her real and imaginery children. The story basically talks about Gina’s desires which are brought out as episodes. The plot is created by the events as they occur in the narrative because they are not occurring at random. The narrative incorporates cultural narratives in order to stand. In the narrative Gina desires a middle-class for her children unlike her mother who is a working class lady.
Gina employs cultural symbols such as fictional narratives for example when she narrates her movement through time by referring to the famous five and this helps in understanding her character and identity. When she claims to desire many adventurous children and huge rambly houses is a sign of existence of a certain kind of class. The creative acts observed throughout the narrative produces the identity of Gina whereby her experiences and memories are interpreted within the narrative.
There are five features that provide attention to biography background. These characteristics include; a turn to textuality whereby written texts are viewed as social products, the agency has been questioned also among individuals and collective action, referentiality and lives examination, there has been a significant increase in attention to time which explains the compression of periods in favor of others and also shows the functioning of the memory through selective processes and lastly application of intertextuality has become very significant. Analyses of narratives give analysts an understanding of how individuals understand and create sense of their lives. (Lawler, 2008).
Characterization is brought out in narratives through use of memories, stories and identities. Narratives help to embed individuals into the social world and link the past to the present. In the Gina’s narrative characterization is brought out through identity which engages events as they happen in her mothering life in comparison to her mother’s life. Gina’s version of lifestyle portrays the current middle-class families in most part of the world.
Another narrative is about the twins in the manga/anime narratives of Japan. The twins were separated when young and have grown in different cultural and social backgrounds and this creates a lot of rivalry between them as they both have different views and ideas of carryout different activities. The twins were separated and this made them develop different personality traits which have brought out differences in their identity. The twins are physically identical and resemble one another physically which is a force that brings them together.
Characterization in the manga and anime is brought out in the identical twins via self fashioning and individual’s quest for social conformity. Sociality has been shown to bring out identity through linking different people and events. There is a lot of rivalry, conflict and differences between the identical twins and jealousy plays an important role. The twins may be interpreted as dramatization of the self and the mirrored self as jealous explores psychological issues. They are portrayed as the split and segmented self and ego makes them to have a lot of internal conflicts. There is a lot of anxiety and uncertainty about individual identity in the twin narratives and is especially that of the girls. A major topic in narrative-driven manga and anime is the quest for individual identity due to the differences in the upbringing of the twins. The twins in manga/anime are more visible and more colorfully depicted than in Japan novels.
Characterization of twins in manga works is explained by the quest for the subjective agency for the social conformity struggle. The twins are represented as identical twins and male/female twins whose appearance is similar. Twins seem to coincide and complement each other but are a duo that never actually do. The ambivalent interrelationship of the twins does not affect the strong bond between them and this is the most resonating feature of these manga/anime narratives. The strong bond is also contributed by the fact that the twins have a lot of physical resemblance. (Bryce, 2008)
This is also observed in the narrative about Gina who desires a middle class but unlike the twins, Gina has a desire while the twins have been forced to be in their specific social classes by their childhood upbringing. The similarity in their social class issue is that both have been conformed by the society in which they grew. For Gina, her mother inspired her while the twins found themselves in those social classes.
In another film whereby a twelve year old girl is orphaned and her mother leaves her with the responsibility of taking care of her younger siblings. These children have to grow under the social, economic and cultural background their elder sister will expose them to. Zinzi the orphaned girl is terrified by the great task and the journey she has to conquer through the memories and dreams she has. Memories and fanaticizes depicts the experience of the character. (Rickards, 1999)
The genre of science fiction focuses on the nature of human being and the hardness of being human due to the difficult tasks involved. Science fiction is observed as simply addressing anxieties that are contemporary. These fictional narratives help us to understand about creation and destruction i.e. our humanness. Limitations of humankind reflect hopes and fears of the expanding robotics and cultural artificial intelligence today is also reflected. The way humans are controlled by a program is the same as how we are driven by the artificial beings found in the films we watch. These fictional films influence our character. These are fears of human replacement with robotics according to science fiction.
There are fears of human replacement with robotics according to science fiction. A central concern of the genre is reflected by these fictional films. A concern that underlies disastrous images that lead to anxiety about who we are i.e. our nature. The desire to wield a shaping power is fore grounded by these fictional images. Science fiction films have turned our cultural imaginations into dreams that confront us. The images of human in these fictional films show interaction between the human and the technological lying at the science fiction heart. Science fiction brings out the identity in relationship to others as most humans try to act and view themselves as the robotics in the fiction films. These films have helped humans to redefine themselves and understand their culture. These films bring out the characterization of otherness and we can maintain being human beings as it ought to be. Science fiction films have been shown to develop a fear of technology or machines as it threatens the natural social organization. The fear is also due to reconstruction because science fiction suggests that the nature can be reconstructed, thus humans fear that the self too could be altered by a fluid as such. Science fiction films are not always a source of fear but also produce ideologies that can help in reconstructing human identity. (Teloittes, 1995)
The narrative about Yokai is centrally about certain cultural moments. Culture is known for providing identity in that one identifies with the cultural background he or she is brought up in. Recognition of value as cultural commodities is represented by the collecting of Yokai by evocative of a past that is ideological. In mizuki manga, illustrations are done to present character. His narratives involve memories, monsters, and manga and are very creative. Memories involve remembering the past and they are used in narratives to link the past to the present and also create flow in the narrative which brings out characterization of the different characters in the narrative. Mizuki describes the features of creatures to describe the personal resemblances and also to create remembrances.
For a narrative to be complete and comprehensive remembrance of the past events is very important as this brings out the character of memories that also show the identity of one self. The characterization brought out in this narrative is identity in relation to others. Mizuki narrates monster stories to relate with the different lifestyles i.e. rural village and the life of the countryside. Ass a human being with supernatural powers, Mizuki has ability to translate and negotiate realms of experiences that are different. (Foster, 2008).
The manga/anime characters of the same kind in the narrative of the first Japanese film are vampires. The story rotates around a series of killings believed to be caused by a vampire. The victims are found to have on their necks puncture wounds. There are other vampire narratives as observed in the Japanese films which bring out various comic-strip techniques that mark the style of manga. A high degree of aspects to aspect transitions from panel to panel are observed. This allows bypass of time and the reader is able to concentrate on the place, idea or mood aspect.
Use of vampires in narratives has been applied to depict the sociality of humans and also to identify oneself. The lessons learnt from animation are through comparison of ones behavior with that of the characters in the film. Use of vampires in films indicates the historic violence and sexual exploitation in Japan. This is just a representation of the very many countries where violence and sexual harassment occurs. Such happenings suppress private feelings and opinions. Some of the stylistic characteristics and conventions are displayed by vampires of anime specific to Japanese animation. In the tales about vampires, myths are also used and they are a form of teaching which brings about the past and they are also fictional. (Barlett, Natalie & Bellows, 1997)
In conclusion, characterization is brought out by memories, stories and narrations as been observed in all the stories. Interaction and socializing through narrations brings out the character in one self in relation to others. The kind of identity brought out is both in relation to others and to self acceptance. Both in the Gina’s story and the twins narration there is identity in relation to others. It has turned out that identity can also be explained by considering issues like religion e.g. in countries whereby reincarnation is believed. Understanding one self becomes important in developing self acceptance the reason being that denial results from lack of identity and self confidence thus its very crucial to obtain identity of oneself in relation to others.