Chapter on Columbus

The chapter revolves around Christopher Columbus who was in several voyages to the New World that he had discovered. He was travelling from this land to his motherland, Spain to obtain aid and to inform his king that he had discovered the land that he had promised he would. It was along the way that he experienced difficulties and he felt like he would not relay the message to His Highness. He was afraid that he might never reach his homeland. However, he finally reaches home where despite the struggles for his nation; he was coldly welcomed and accused of negotiating with Portuguese. More were to come and he faced many more tribulations as all the leaders from his homeland saw him as a threat to their leadership due to his many political and social contributions. They therefore suppressed him and ensured that he remained silenced and there was little that he could offer to the society after the discoveries. He was mistreated and tortured which led to his overall resignation from any leadership position. He had offered to give the New World leadership away peacefully but the Spanish Queen developed a very unfavorable atmosphere for dialogue or interaction between him (Columbus) and any other leader of the time.

Forms of Narration

This story has been narrated in two forms. The first part is in first person where Christopher Columbus tells the story of his own experiences. The other part is the narration as made by William Carlos. The two parts are well articulated to give a sensible flow of information to the reader. Fictional style is used by authors to tell or narrate an ordeal from their perspective (Meg 2002). The author manipulates the feelings of the reader towards the story and develops the various characters in his work. He explains every detail and in most cases, omniscience is employed. In the chapter, William uses this technique to explain the contents of biography that was written by Christopher Columbus himself. Before a part of the biography is written about, William uses omniscient language or setting to introduce the experiences that Columbus would go through. This way, he creates suspense that encourages the reader to long for the next part in order to determine the occurrence that would follow. William has successfully used this style and his introductions act as abstracts into the experiences that Columbus went through.

The second style that the author has used to write the chapter is non-fictional form. This refers to the technique where the author does not involve any creativity, but rather states facts or actual occurrences that were experienced (James 1987). The narrations offered are perceived to be factual and they are rarely altered. They are in most cases written in first person form and describe occurrences. The style is effective in biographies or in narrations that involve one main character. We should however note that they are not strictly used for biographies, but at times e used to tell fictional stories. The author to the chapter in question has successfully used this style which has led to a deeper and more comprehensive understanding to the topic. In this case, the part mainly involves a first person narration of experiences that Christopher Columbus went through. This way, the reader is given a clear first hand narration by Columbus.

Effects of the Style

The style used by any author in any piece of writing is very important in the passing of the information intended (Tom 2004). It is therefore important that the author takes their time to determine the best way to pass the intended message with the highest level of success. In the case of Columbus stories by William, the author has integrated the two forms of writing in an efficient way in that the reader is well guided through the book. This would minimize misconceptions and misunderstandings that could eventually lead to loss of information between generations. The fictional introductory part help the reader to have a preformed idead of the occurrences that Columbus would get into and only gets the reader eager to know how Columbus faced these experiences.

In most of the earlier versions, the ordeals that Christopher Columbus faced were expressed in a first person narration form. This has increasingly led to a certain perception of the story by most of its readers. Readers internalize and understand Columbus’ details by themselves. Some readers do not, in this case, get the intended information by the writer. Most of them only get the actual information after completing a section. This is however not the case with this current version. The fictional part is a brief explanation of the non-fictional part. The arrangement is also well segmented and the explanation is short and simple, covering the immediate non-fictional part that follows. The reader is therefore guided on the outcome and the mind is well tuned to think along a certain direction. This way, there is a significant ease in understanding of the content since the outcome is earlier on predetermined and formed in the mind of the reader. The difficulties and setbacks that Columbus faced during his voyages are well understood and could be well accounted for.


The use of this style could prove to be hard to various writers and readers apiece. It could be confusing when poorly used and the reader could have a hard time in grasping the content. However, if properly used in telling stories, it could prove to be important, helping the reader understand the piece of work easily. Therefore, there is dire need for the author to carefully determine the efficiency of this style when used in their work (Tom 2004). The way a reader understands the message is very important since it determines whether the objectives of the writer have been met or not.

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