Immigration in the United States of America has increased dramatically over the last 50 years and people from all over the world come to the United States to enjoy better standards of living and to support their families. Most of these people bring their families with them and apply for a permanent residence. Unfortunately, the growth of immigration rate has raised many issues and problems within the United States. Many immigration standards and respective policies have been developed by the United States immigration authorities to discourage the rapid immigration. However, they have not yet been fully implemented. This concern of rapid immigration has made criminal analysts warn the US Government and the American people and raise issues regarding immigration and the immigrants who are entering the United States by unlawful means. The gap between laws and regulations and inability to implement them has caused a wave of illegal immigration that the US has now to deal with. Fred Reed and John F. Kavanaugh in their articles Why Blame Mexico (2008) and Amnesty? (2008), respectively, discuss the issues surrounding illegal immigration in the United States and seem to subtly suggest that illegal immigrants be offered amnesty to legalize their stay.
Amnesty? by John F. Kavanaugh (2008) briefly describes a scenario of a girl who once was illegally brought to the US by her parents. She has grown and preferred to continue staying illegally despite being once deported and threatened to get a jail term if she gets caught again. The consequences of her illegal staying in the United States far outweigh the violence against women that she would have to face if she goes back to her home country. The author highlights that people opt to migrate to the US illegally because of the greater risk to their lives, including poverty and displacement that they face in their home countries. Such people migrate to improve their lives, start new families in the US and they cannot afford being separated. They also work to improve the lives of the relatives who are left home.
The author claims that illegal immigration is a direct consequence of North America Free trade agreement which benefits the powerful and technologically advanced countries at the expense of poor farmers and their small rural economies. This has made many people migrate to the US in search of better life. The author claims that the US must explore the options to provide legal status to immigrants who contribute to the common good.
He also goes on to argue that the immigration should support the hardworking and productive illegal immigrants who would like to become legal inhabitants of the United States, as they thrive due to unfavorable trade negotiations, corporate leaders who profit from them and consumers who benefit from lower foods and services cost. He further justifies the need to devise ways of making the illegal immigrants legal, pointing us back to the Christian foundation of the US and challenging the authorities to be vigilant to threats and charitable to friends, even if they are present illegally.
Why Blame Mexico? (2008) by Fred Reed discusses the immigration policy of the United States. According to the author, the policies are not effective enough to discourage illegal immigration. Identifying the reasons for irremediable illegal immigration, the author claims that if severe penalties are not imposed upon them and they are not banned from working, it is unlikely to stop them. He supports his claim by saying that both the liberal and conservative representatives also play important roles in supporting illegal immigration. The liberals feel warm and fuzzy and from a genuine streak of decency, while conservative republican businessmen get cheap labor that actually is represented by the illegal immigrants.
The author has compared the immigration policies of Mexico to those of the United States and has noted that the Mexico has far better immigration policies than the United States. The United States authorities have made it lucrative by aiding illegal immigrants with job, free education and healthcare for their children, providing them with driving licenses, citizenship for their children, public assistance and governmental documents in Spanish. Mexico, on the other hand, makes it difficult for one to stay there, as they are expected to show their ability to support themselves financially and speak fluent Spanish.
Illegal Mexican immigrants are not remediable in the US because there are not any strict laws and statutory authorities that can put an end to illegal immigration by imposing laws and penalties. In addition, the author seems to think that the US thoughtlessly adopted an unwise policy, continued it until reversal has became almost impossible and now does not like the results.
At the same time, the author claims that ethnic cleansing is ugly and it will be hard to round up millions of people and deport them, uprooting them from their newly formed families. Many people want them in the US and don’t care if they are legally staying there or not, as long as they work hard. The United States authorities have unknowingly caused this problem and should therefore devise the ways of granting amnesty to those who deserve it.
All people, irrespective of their religion and social status, are equal and thus they are entitled to enjoy equal status and facilities. Even though illegal immigration is not lawful, illegal immigrants who are already in the United States are striving for the betterment of their life conditions as well as those of their families, endeavoring to promote full rights to live in the United States. At the same time, necessary measures and new proper policies to prevent illegal immigration should be devised and adopted.
Most of the illegal immigrants have poorly-paid jobs that not everyone would enjoy doing. Therefore, such immigrants who are sincere in their desire to meet the requirements of their jobs and fulfill their rights and duties in the American society, such as working and paying taxes, must be respected and should not be deprived of their human rights, such as education and proper healthcare. It remains the duty of the government to protect these immigrants so that they can properly act as the United States citizens, playing their role in the society.
Although immigration enriches the economy and the national culture of the country, the United States immigration authorities are to be blamed for failing to enforce more strict laws to discourage illegal immigration. The government should grant immigration rights to the illegal immigrants who have been living there for many years and also implement more favorable laws that would enable the illegal but honest immigrants to fit into the US society with ease and without fear, at the same time taking tougher measures to put a permanent stop to illegal immigration in the future.