‘King of the World’ is a book written by David Remnick who was an American journalist. David was born in Hackensack in New Jersey in 1958 and raised in Hillsdale, New Jersey in a secular Jewish home which had as he has written a lot of books around. In 1981, David graduated from the University of Princeton with B.A in Comparative literature. During the same year, he founded The Nassau Weekly together with another writer John McPhee. David married Esther Fein a reporter with New York Times and both had three children. One year after his graduation from Princeton University, he joined The Washington Post (Remnick 34).
After working for six years with the company, David received a correspondence from Moscow’s newspaper to an extent that he was granted George Polk award of brilliance in Journalism. He worked at The Washington Post for ten years and transferred to The New York at the end of 1992. In 1998, he succeeded Tina brown as the New Yorker editor where he worked closely with Hendrik Hertzberg in article writing of magazine. David Remnik wrote a book concerning the revolution of black American history in the America society.
Muhammad Ali; the great
Several authors have argued that very little is known about Muhammad Ali; however a lot from the literature proves this viewpoint otherwise and quotes the literature available for Malcolm X as sufficient to present Ali’s story more comprehensively. The documentation starts with Ali’s furry due to discrimination and racial war that was directed to the black in the American society. Muhammad Ali demonstrated his dissatisfaction with the continued oppression of blacks in the American society when he threw his Olympic Gold medal to the river which he had worn in 1960 at Louisville; his home town. This was to show his protest and dissatisfaction of racism that was widely practiced in America directed towards black Americans. To demonstrate and drive his point clearly, Ali protested and went in a fight with Sonny Liston in 1964 which he had slim chances of winning, he later changed his religion and joined Islam and consequently changed his name from Cassius Clay to Muhammad Ali. In protest Ali adopted radical political and religious views and refused to be recruited to fight in Vietnam War of 1967 as an American soldier (Remnick 37).
These resulted to his subsequent indict ion which denied him all the rights to participate in a fight and stripped him all his won titles following his recent and successful triumphant in international as well as national fights. However the comeback for the legend fighter, Muhammad Ali was marked in 1974 when he defeated George Foreman in Zaire. This never lasted for long because he suffered a humiliating defeat at the hands of Larry Holmes and Trevor Berbick during his career in 1980s. The culmination of his public scene came about with the reports that Ali suffered Parkinson disease. Ali’s political and social rehabilitation was sealed during the 1996 Olympic Games when he was recognized to light the Olympic flame which marked and symbolized his total transformation into a safe atmosphere where he was recognized as all time American hero appearing in American magazines, newspapers, journals, televisions programs, and subsequent films and precipitated in books (Remnick 48).
The figure of a retired heavyweight champion completely changed not reflected with years back when he was detested by majority of white Americans for his efforts to question racist activities in the media and American police custodies with a radical political and religious stand. It is noted that, Muhammad Ali invented and propagated a new form of politics in America that were considered to be radical just like his boxing style of pride and stylish. Ali refused to take up the responsibility of a ‘bad negro’ in black films to demonstrate his quench and protest for racial segregation and discrimination in America (Remnick 59).
African – American did not advance in their careers courteousy of racial discrimination in America. One such case is of Cassius Senior the father to Muhammad Ali who regarded racial discrimination as the greatest obstacle to advance in his artistic works. Due to these challenges, he taught his son (Muhammad Ali) the difficulties of growing up as a black in a racially segregated American society.
Hollywood’s American Revolution
Hollywood has been blamed of deliberately and consciously violating the American historical records. However this argument of historical destruction has no grounds since the concern is geared towards the contribution of films in the contemporary society to help understand the historical events regardless of its presentation. Hollywood therefore has been used as a form of historical recap and ideological presentation to express national preoccupations in American history and its consequential revolution. Hollywood films has also been berated as a mean through which history was re-written exposing all the atrocities that were committed and forces of a revolution build up from this events and presentations (Pepper and McCrisken 16).
There has been films whose directors were African – American whose films has been seen to focus on the African – American subject exacerbating conflicts and confrontations rather than peace, reconciliation and assimilation in the American society. Hollywood in addition has shifted the attention and decided to make African – American a subject rather than object in their films. Hollywood and African directors differed on this specific issue with regard to ‘a new black film wave’ and the mainstreams of the Hollywood films. To extend their rivalry, Hollywood films have narrowed to issues concerning the whites like romance, glamour, sexploitation and violence subjecting African – Americans to a marginalization and stereotyping (Pepper and McCrisken 23).
The racial segregation and discrimination has advanced the notion of the superior American whites to segregate them to a place of pure white dominated society characterized with symbolic order as well as racial hierarchy in the American society with African - American at the bottom of the hierarchy or even outside the hierarchy. This trend witnessed the emergence of black film industry advocating African – American views with regard to black culture expression, ideas and styles of consumer culture. African – American were regarded so lowly to venture in the film production industry. The emergence of black film industry was to communicate a strong message to the white and the Hollywood about how African – American funding, producing and distributing their films which attracted wide and large populace of audiences. Their concern was not only how the African – American from 1960s onwards represented the struggle for quench and desire for racial equality and the start of black nationalism with regard to political, social and cultural forces but also the demarcation between Hollywood and the black independent films (Pepper and McCrisken 29).
Mostly, Hollywood concentrated with the interests and affairs of the white and segregated the American society as exclusively white dominated disregarding the existence of African – American race. This scenario has witnessed stiff opposition from black cinemas which have championed the interests and rights of the African – American citizens in the American socio-cultural and political fronts. These black films and cinemas have been in the forefront to demonstrate the privilege, capabilities and interests of African – American affairs from the black viewpoint and perspective (Pepper and McCrisken 38).