The optimistic philosophy in the 18th century England was developing mostly in the works of writers, poets, and scientists that represented the basic philosophical group of the period. The thoughts and ideas were influenced by romanticism, which was spreading in the thoughts and ideas of artists all over Europe. The most popular and still well-known work of the optimistic philosophy was “An Essay on Man”, written by Alexander Pope. It represented the key ideas of optimism and had a profound impact on the following works of other outstanding writers and philosophers and helped the philosophy reach other European countries.
Today Pope’s ideas are a point for a discussion. A lot of contemporary political scientists, philosophers, and historians argue that these ideas are just a remembrance about that period of time and are no more valuable in the modern world. However, I think that a person who was one of the founders of modern political, philosophical, literary, social, and historical thoughts should not be underestimated. The ideas represented by Pope underlined the role of God and the natural order he created in the world. He insists on the existence of the rational case in the whole Universe that was created by God in the best possible variation. The fact that a human being cannot understand its perfect nature defines the limitation of the human intellect. These ideas were the basis for the whole philosophy of optimism, and the work of Alexander Pope fully explains the thoughts and beliefs of that period. The philosophical categories presented by Pope greatly influenced the European philosophical thought, and, therefore, they should be considered as a reasonable basis to optimism as a philosophical posture.
The works of Alexander Pope played the key role in the modern understanding of optimism in philosophy; therefore his optimistic ideas, views, and categories can be seen as the basis for the modern philosophical thought. In addition, his works influenced the development of literature, political and social science, which also proves the high value of his contribution to the modern philosophy.