Pablo Neruda was born in 1904 in Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basoalto and given the name which was later legalized. He is considered as a legend and one of the greatest having the most influential poet in the 20th century. His fields of specialization ranged from erotically charge romance and love poems, political fields and manifestos as well as historical epics. His writing works earned him an international recognition when he worn Nobel price for literature in 1971. When Chilean president outlawed communist party which Neruda belonged, he issued an arrest warrant for Neruda. Fortunately, he was hid at the basement of a house for months at the Chilean port of Valparaiso until his escape into exile where he used the mountain pass near Maihue Lake in Argentina. Neruda returned to Chile after his acceptance speech during his ceremony as a Nobel Prize winner in 1971. He was hospitalized and diagnosed with cancer after surviving an attempted coup led by Augusto Pinochet. This never lasted for long since he died three days after being hospitalized from heart failure (Neruda par 4).
Though dead, the news reverberated around the world since he was a legend in the writing profession. His funeral was marked by protest of mourners who objected the government’s decision not to recognize and make his burial a public event. Mourners filled the streets disregarding the government’s curfew and buried Neruda in a public gathering.
His poem the Dead Woman gained popularity not only in Chile but also across the world. It insists on life since it records that even if they die and don’t exist any more, she would still be alive. She cautions that in case of death, she would not even dare to write concerning the death. She valued life to an extent of indicating that if her brothers were taken to prison she would accompany them but insists that she shall not die whatsoever. The poem insists on valuable treasure of her life regardless of other people’s situations either of death or otherwise (Neruda par 5).