- Alesina, A. and Dollar, D., (2000). Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why. Journal of Economic Growth, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
The resource examines the evaluation of the arrangement of the distribution of the Foreign Aid received from different donors. Based on the research, the allocation of the Foreign Aid is determined by means of the government activities towards the political stability along with the strategy of the particular country, which is guided by the economic growth as well as the public performance of the beneficiaries. The most important determinants of the allocated Foreign Aid are considered as political power and emigrant situation in the country.
At the same time, there is a connection and inter-relation between the Foreign Aid and Foreign Direct Investment that flows to the country. Thus, the foreign Direct Investment is allocated based on the Foreign Aid factors that are more centered towards the democratic countries. The most effect is directed by the political factors, foreign investment and the economic stability in the country. In addition, one of the major determinants is the rights for the property and its protection by the country, which is about to receive the Foreign Aid based on the appropriate performance of the country and donors.
- Hattori, T., (2001). Re-conceptualizing Foreign Aid. Review of International Political Economy. Taylor & Francis Ltd.
The resource addresses the explanation of the Foreign Aid core and its relation to the political aspects of the international interactions with other countries. While analyzing the meaning of the Foreign Aid, the resource examines the practical concerns about the concept of the Foreign Aid in terms of the development policy and security aspects. The resource addresses the importance of the international relations along with the social activities as the major determinants of the Foreign Aid towards the country. The idea is hidden in the inter-dependency of the Foreign Aid and political powers of the donors and beneficiaries of the Foreign Aid. The most of the focus is addressed towards the transformation of the activities performed by the donors in relation to the recipients.
- Bueno de Mesquita, B., (2007). Foreign Aid and Policy Concessions. Wild Family Department of Politics, New York University, New York City.
The resource adheres to the aspects of Foreign Aid that have a close relation to the corporate policies that are used in order to improve the time management in the working hours. The key terms are addressed towards the political stability and selected departments of politics. In fact, there are the leading parties that operate on the level of the country by means to take advantage of the bigger collision groups. They mostly depend on the comparatively insignificant number of people, who deeply value the concerns of public policy based on the potential beneficiaries of the Foreign Aid. Meanwhile, the countries that are to receive the most of the Foreign Aid are to have lack of resources and should base their performance on the minor coalition. Besides, the most important elements of the Foreign Aid policy are the reduction of the donor’s activities in terms of political implications.
In addition, the volume of the Foreign Aid could be increased due to the upturn of the coalition and countrywide resources. Thus, the resource provides the information about the true nature of the United States of America from the position of the Third World countries with the specific interest on the reasons why people dislike this country and at the same time do everything to live there. For example, the experimental observation tests conducted by the United States companies offer a very keen material on the Worldwide Expansion information in terms of the post-World War II forecasts.
- Kharas, H. Transparency: Changing the Accountability, Engagement, and Effectiveness of Aid, (2011) in Kharas, H. Makino K. and Jung, W. (Eds.) Catalyzing Development: A New Vision for Aid, the Brookings Institution and Washington, D.C.
Based on the book prospects, the key emphasis is aimed at the constant changes in the Foreign Aid and its environment, which drives the factors of influence such as ecology, economic activity, transparency, technological base, donors, and multinational enterprises. The major challenge is to address the aspects of managing the Foreign Aid and its transparency throughout the country.
By such means, the Foreign Aid could be used more effectively in terms of the improvements of the data supply as well as its analysis and potential benefits. Therefore, the resource explains how transparency influences the decisions about the Foreign Aid with respect to the government operations, information management, private growth and intercontinental development perspectives. In addition, it is even more important if the country possess the standards of the data support and proper budgeting systems.
- Cooper, M. H., (2002). Foreign Aid after September 11, CQ Researcher.
This resource offers an insight into the foreign policy of United States after the event on the September eleventh with the respect to the secure political methods. At the same time, the resource discloses the misunderstanding between different kinds of aid: military aid and Foreign Aid towards the educational purposes. The most important factor is the determination of the Foreign Aid and its effectiveness in the country. The resource addresses the issue of the September eleventh and everything that happened afterwards with all the depth of the issue.
- Stossel, J and McMenamin, P., (2008). Will More Foreign Aid End Global Poverty? ABC News.
The resource examines the topic of poverty towards the foreign aid and its opposing rotation. In detail, the resource analyses the depth of the impact of the Foreign Aid on the worldwide poverty in relation to the education level in the country. In fact, there still concerns about the interest and opinions from both parties.
The resource strictly addresses the debate while investigating on the incentive of thinking towards the individual hypothesis about whether the fact of the Foreign Aid could truly improve the situation with the poverty in the country. In terms of poverty, there are many challenging views towards the disagreement from the position of the Foreign Aid and its usage towards the improvement of the educational system in the country.
- Dedu, V., Staisu, G. and Nitesku, Dan Costin, (2011). A Critical Examination of Foreign Aid Policy. Why it Fail to Eradicate Poverty? Theoretical and Applied Economics, International Finance Corporation.
Since in the past there were numerous disappointments with the Foreign Aid, the government of the United States addresses the policy of choosing a country of aid with the strict and critical examination. Therefore, the agencies that actually provide Foreign Aid to the country are checking its allocation and effectiveness of the previous times.
In fact, the Foreign Aid is issued as the official structure with the understood instructions towards the fact of canceling the funding of the poor performance of the particular country in respect to the population. The purpose is to address the goal of helping the developing country face its objectives for the future with accordance to the United Nations and International Finance Corporation activities.
- Nagy, M. P., (2007). Measuring the Effect of Foreign Aid on Growth and Poverty Reduction or the Pitfalls of Interaction Variables, International Monetary Fund.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is a global organization that encourages the worldwide monetary support, promotes the economic growth and development, and delivers short-term financial aid towards the improvement of the developing countries. The IMF tracks the advancement of the Foreign Aid and its allocation efficiency in every country by means to choose which one to assist in the following terms. The resource addresses the aspects of poverty reduction, growth of the funding and stores outside sponsorship.
In detail, the resource covers the National Poverty Reduction Strategy based on the particular example of Cambodia and offers a wide range of complete considerations on the improvements of the economic and social climate to be the mission of the country and thus aims at helping it to improve the situation with the poverty. The resource examines different scopes of poverty in Cambodia and faces the situation of priorities towards the fact of decreasing the poverty by means of various methods that manage the progress of poverty and its removal by means of the Foreign Aid.
One of the major reasons why United States issue the Foreign Aid to the particular countries is their Interaction Variable (IAV) based on the data from the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. The idea is to check the impact of the Foreign Aid on the economic development along with the process of poverty decline. The most shared hypothesis is that the coefficient of the Interaction Variable should be statistically noteworthy compared to the previous years. That theory is addressing the general proscriptions that are developed by means of the high probability of the economic improvements, including the mechanisms of the Interaction Variable. The idea is to see the changes in the country due to the Foreign Aid.
- Oxfam America, (2011). The politics of partnership: How donors manage risk while letting recipients lead their own development, Boston, MA, Washington, D.C.
This resource addresses the cases of Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Malawi and Tanzania and their political situations towards the acts of Foreign Aid cooperation with the local donors as well as other local beneficiaries of the Foreign Aid, including the United States as one of the major providers of the Foreign Aid in the world. Based on the resource, it is made clear that the most important aspects of concern are the creation of new partnerships that help improve the political system of the country as a whole. Such partnerships adhere to the encouragement for the further actions and the means of transparency of the donors and their activities towards the allocation of the Foreign Aid.
- Alberto, A. and Dollar. D, (1998). Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why? Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
This is one of the most interesting resources that covers the basics of the Foreign Aid and its distribution from the donor countries, in particular United States to the beneficiary countries, which could be all the developing countries in the world. The resource addresses the two major questions such as the fact of which country could be considered as a donor and why or what factors influence the decision to provide the Foreign Aid to the particular country.
In addition, the resource adheres to the importance of the political coalitions in the country as one of the major factors that make the donor countries, including the United States to issue the Foreign Aid towards one of the developing countries. The purpose is to address the aspects of the Foreign Aid towards the strategies of the governmental along with the political benefits for both the donor countries and the countries that are considered to be recipients of the Foreign Aid.
Literature Review Outline
Research Question: What Factors influence the US gives Foreign Aid to?
The given annotated bibliography addresses the aspects of comparison of the self-determining variables, concepts, opinions, and other related outcomes for each resource and the models of analysis. The most regular points of the resources used in the annotated bibliography encompass the factors that have the most influence on the aspects that serve as a means of reasons why United States offer any particular Foreign Aid to specific countries.