In the late 70s of the 20th century, a new knowledge system (socionics) appeared. It includes psychology, sociology, and computer science. The foundation of this science is the teaching of Freud on the structure of the psyche and the theory of Jung’s psychological types. Socionics studies the psychological types of people and their compatibility.
The type of personality is determined by a different combination of the following characteristics: extraversion – introversion, irrationality – rationality, logic – ethics, intuition – sensation. These characteristics give a very holistic portrait of a person and of his or her innate qualities. You can define your personal characteristics by passing a personality test for a job interview. Your personality is a modest predictor of actual job performance and a much better predictor of the areas of your future work.
Extroverts and Introverts
The attention of extroverts is directed mainly to the outside world. They perceive it as the sum of objects: people, objects, affairs. They have a wide range of interests. For such people, expanding interest is much easier than deepening. Extroverts are not inclined to educate and redo people: people are perceived as they are. In an unfavorable situation of communication, an extrovert is unlikely to affect a person, he or she will rather change the attitude towards people. Introverts pay attention mainly to their inner world and relationships between people. They are more inclined to create and remake objects. They are more focused on relationships.
Extroverts and introverts have a number of external differences. For example, extroverts differ in wide gestures; introverts usually do not gesticulate or gesticulate little. Introverts are usually characterized as “modest.” However, this is not internal modesty, but simply the own way of expressing activity.
Irrational and Rational Personalities
Irrationals are focused on direct perception, seeking to see new opportunities. Their behavior and emotions are difficult to predict in advance. The maximum creative upsurge comes when they need to find a way out of moral or financial difficulties. Their driving force is an impression.
Rational personalities, focusing on the mind and tradition, strive to live with the decision, to have a firm judgment on the main issues of life. If circumstances change, they need some time to get used to and adapt.
Ethics and Logics
Ethics compares the content of judgments with the accepted moral norms and values in the society. In conversation, ‘ethical’ people often use adjectives and epithets (for example, wonderful, stunning, likable, creepy, disgusting). ‘Logical; people are guided more by objective laws and true statements.
Intuition and Sensory
Intuition sorts information in time and considers the development of processes from the past to the future. Sensory sorts information in space. This is information about well-being, reliability, strength, and endurance. People of the sensory type live by sensations; they perceive nature, art, enjoy all that is visible, audible, and perceptible more fully.
How to Make a Right Choice
Knowing your personality type allows you to choose a profession properly and avoid unnecessary difficulties. Consider in which areas of activity representatives of various psychological types can be most successful.
People with strong sensory and ethical functions can find themselves in the social sphere (doctors, cooks, massage therapists, tourism managers, educators, teachers, psychotherapists, social workers). The representatives of these types can communicate with people, build connections; they are humanistic, emotional by nature. Such people will be able to improve relations in the team, sometimes acting as unofficial psychologists. They are able to empathize, persuade and feel the hidden needs of people.
Sociability and ability to understand human relationships are combined with the search for novelty. The representatives of these types can be assigned promotional activities and diplomatic functions. They will be happy to take responsibility for resolving issues of recreation and festive events establish necessary contacts with the right people, talk with inspiration about new theories, interesting exhibitions, books, as well as products and services.
In the production and management sphere (such professions as an administrator, manager, accountant, economist, worker, technician, master, business executive), people with strong functions of logic and sensation can become undoubted leaders.
These types are characterized by perseverance, thoroughness, accuracy of performance. Other psychological types do not possess such an analytical and impartial mind, the ability to organize and complete the work. They rely on facts and try to be impartial in their assessments. They can assign all types of work related to the compilation of schedules, all kinds of logical schemes. They can solve very complex technical issues.
The field of research (all types of scientific work, economic processes, as well as marketing, consulting, dispatching services) promises success for people with strong intuition and logic functions. Intuition helps them search for new resources and opportunities. They are able to predict the development of markets, change the direction of activity, and analyze complex scientific theories.